Balgowlah Heights Public School logo

Balgowlah Heights Public School

Balgowlah Heights Public School

Excellence and Opportunity

Telephone02 9948 2225

Personal development, health and physical education

Personal development, health and physical education (PDHPE) is mandatory from Kindergarten to Year 10.

According to the NSW Education Standards Authority (NESA), students are expected to participate in PDHPE for between 1.5 and 2.5 hours per week in Kindergarten to Year 6.

PDHPE provides students with opportunities to explore issues that are likely to impact on the health, safety and wellbeing of themselves and others – now and in the future. Students also participate in challenging and enjoyable physical activity, improving their capacity to move with skill and confidence.

Through Personal Development, Health and Physical Education (PDHPE) students develop self management, interpersonal and movement skills to help them become empowered, self-confident and socially responsible citizens. The learning experiences in PDHPE provide students with a foundation to actively contribute to, and advocate for the health, safety and wellbeing of themselves and others in the community and beyond school. Students are provided with opportunities to participate in physical activity to develop movement skills and recognise the impact of physical activity on health and wellbeing.


  • identify personal strengths and qualities and how people grow and change
  • practise interpersonal skills to interact positively with others
  • demonstrate a variety of movement skills and movement sequences
  • participate in play that promotes engagement with outdoor settings and the natural environment
  • describe how individuals help one another to stay healthy and safe
  • practise interpersonal skills when participating in activities, for example assertiveness, persistence.

Year 1 and 2

  • describe physical and social changes that occur as children grow older
  • identify and practise physical and emotional responses that account for their own and others’ feelings
  • create and participate in games with and without equipment
  • identify rules and fair play when participating in physical activities
  • explore health and safety influences that benefit Aboriginal
  • and Torres Strait Islander cultures, for example recognise the benefits of bush tucker
  • describe situations where they are required to make healthy and/or safe decisions.

Year 3 and 4

  • describe and practise ways respect, empathy and valuing diversity can positively influence respectful relationships
  • make positive contributions to group activities 
  • pose questions, test solutions and use problem-solving strategies to solve movement challenges, for example strategies and tactics in games
  • participate in physical activities from their own and other cultures
  • perform physical activities designed to enhance fitness and discuss the impact of regular participation on health and wellbeing
  • analyse physical and emotional responses that indicate when they and others feel safe or empowered.

Year 5 and 6

  • examine how identity and behaviour are influenced by people, places and the media
  • practise skills to establish and manage relationships, for example select and practise appropriate ways to resolve conflict
  • practise specialised movement skills and apply them in a variety of movement sequences and situations, for example bowl/pitch, shoulder pass, serve, punt, tag/touch 
  • participate positively in groups and teams by encouraging others and negotiating roles and responsibilities
  • evaluate the reliability of health information and messages from different sources before making decisions
  • investigate and adopt practices that help promote and
  • maintain health, safety and wellbeing, for example healthy food and drink habits, personal safety online, support networks.